located on the Southern slopes of the Great Caucasus
Mountain Range, on the isthmus between the Black and Caspian
Seas and covers an area of 69,700 km2 with a maximum
altitude of 5,068 meters above sea level.
As a consequence to its geological history, its very diverse
relief and climatic zones, a developed hydrographic system
and a wide variety of soils, Georgia is rich in biodiversity
and hosts a high level of endemism. Georgia is listed in two
of the world’s 34 “biodiversity hotspots”: the Caucasus and
the Irano-Anatolian hotspots. WWF also identified the area
as one of the priority “Global 200 Ecoregions”.
A wide array of ecosystems is concentrated in a relatively
small area contributing to the uniquely high level of
biodiversity. Major biomes include floodplain forest,
semi-desert, steppe, arid light woodland and hemixeropyte
scrub, forest, sub-alpine, alpine, subnival and nival zones
Georgia’s flora is remarkably rich. There are 4,300 species
of vascular plants, 600 of which are endemic to the Caucasus
region and 300 endemic to the country. The country has a
diverse fauna with 16,054 species described to date. The
vertebrate fauna is presented by 758 species, with 76
mammal, 300 bird, 52 reptile, 12 amphibians and 84 fish
species, including Caucasian endemics.
Georgia is considered to be one of the centres of origin of
many domesticated plant and animal species, greatly
supporting the agrobiodiversity of the region.
The number of IUCN Members in Georgia has increased since
the IUCN Caucasus Cooperation Centre opened in 2007. Georgia
is a State Member and five national organizations are NGO
How to get
Flights: Most travelers
arrive by air, to cities:
Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Batumi.
Tbilisi International Airport (TBS) is
located in 18km (11 miles) east of Tbilisi city centre.
Getting to Georgia by
road is available from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey,
Armenia - Georgia
Sadakhlo / Bagratashen (South-
East Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi - 90 km.
Southern Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi- 330 km.
Azerbaijan - Georgia
Lagodekhi / Tsodna (Eastern
Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi - 170 km.
Red Bridge (South
- East Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi - 70 km.
Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi 60 km, to Gardabani 20 km.
Georgia - Turkey
Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi - 400 km, to Batumi -15 km.
West Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi - 300 km, to Akhaltsikhe
Getting to Georgia by
rail is available from Armenia and Azerbaijan.
The main ports of Georgia
are Batumi and Poti. They provide international connections
with the Black Sea ports of llichovsky (Ukraine), Varna
(Bulgaria), Sochi, Bourgas (Bulgaria) and Novorosiysk
No visa is required for the cruise ship passengers who stay
in Georgian port for less than 72 hours.
For visa regulation updates and additional consular
information, please follow the
West Georgia- subtropical climate, midwinter 5 C and
midsummer average 22 C,
East Georgia-continental climate , low humidity ,
midsummer average 20-24 C , midwinter 2-4C.
– 5068 m ( 16,627 ft )
5059 m ( 16,597 ft )
Mkinvartsveri ( Kazbek) – 5047 m ( 16, 558 ft )
Rustaveli – 4860 m ( 15,944 ft)
Tetnuldi – 4858 m ( 15,938 ft)
4700 m( 15,419 ft )
majority, mainly Greek Orthodoxy,
other confessional groups include Gregorian, Muslims,
Catholics, Baptists, Judaists.
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